The history of mankind, of its economy, of its politics, of its science, of its art – is the history of the struggle against pain and suffering. And this struggle is the motor of the progress. This struggle is not between mechanical forces. It is not a natural reflection. It is a struggle between human intentions. And, precisely this is what enables one to speak of oppressors and oppressed, of just and unjust ones, of heroes and cowards. This is the only thing that enables one to rescue the personal subjectivity and is the only thing that enables one to practice with meaning the social solidarity and the commitment with the liberation of those discriminated against, be these majorities or minorities. At this point, a definition of "human being" causing Humanistic Events is a must. It will not suffice to say "man is the social animal" or "man is the manufacturer of objects" or "man is the possessor of language", etc. In the Siloist doctrine "Man is the historical being whose mode of social action transforms his own nature." and the interpretation of experiences, activities, constructs, and artifacts associated with human beings. The study of the human sciences attempts to expand and enlighten the human being's knowledge of their existence, its interrelationship with other species and systems, and the development of artifacts to perpetuate the human expression and thought. It is the study of human phenomena. The study of the human experience is historical and current in nature. It requires the evaluation and interpretation of the historic human experience and the analysis of current human activity to gain an understanding of human phenomena and to project the outlines of human evolution. Human science is the objective, informed critique of human existence and how it relates to reality and the outcome of our actions.

The National Museum of Brazil engulfed by fire

Brazil’s oldest and most important historical and scientific museum has been consumed by fire, and much of its archive of 20 million items is believed to have been destroyed.

The fire at Rio de Janeiro’s 200-year-old National Museum began after it closed to the public on Sunday and raged into the night. There were no reports of injuries, but the loss to Brazilian science, history and culture was incalculable, two of its vice-directors said.

“It was the biggest natural history museum in Latin America. We have invaluable collections. Collections that are over 100 years old,” Cristiana Serejo, one of the museum’s vice-directors, told the G1 news site.

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Total global disbelief as Trump is elected president

BERLIN — America decided and the world made clear it was the wrong decision.

Donald Trump entered the 2016 presidential race as an underdog. His surprise victory over Hillary Clinton prompted foreign observers to say that their worst fears about the contentious U.S. election were realized.

"After Brexit and this election, anything is now possible. A world is crumbling before our eyes. Vertigo," France's ambassador to the U.S., Gerard Araud, tweeted as it became clear that the billionaire businessman and reality TV star would win the world's most powerful post.

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Zika Virus a Global Health Emergency, W.H.O.

The World Health Organization has declared the Zika virus an international public health emergency, prompted by growing concern that it could cause birth defects. As many as four million people could be infected by the end of the year. Officials at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have urged pregnant women against travel to about two dozen countries, mostly in the Caribbean and Latin America, where the outbreak is growing.

The infection appears to be linked to the development of unusually small heads andbrain damage in newborns. Some pregnant women who have been to these regions should be tested for the infection, the agency said. Here are some answers and advice about the outbreak.

The Zika virus is a mosquito-transmitted infection related to dengue, yellow fever and West Nile virus. Although it was discovered in the Zika forest in Uganda in 1947 and is common in Africa and Asia, it did not begin spreading widely in the Western Hemisphere until last May, when an outbreak occurred in Brazil.

Until now, almost no one on this side of the world had been infected. Few of us have immune defenses against the virus, so it is spreading rapidly. Millions of people in tropical regions of the Americas may now have been infected.

Yet for most, the infection causes no symptoms and leads to no lasting harm. Scientific concern is focused on women who become infected while pregnant and those who develop a temporary form of paralysis after exposure to the Zika virus. 

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Ancient mass extinction led to dominance of tiny fish, paleontologist shows

According to new research, a mass extinction 359 million years ago known as the Hangenberg event triggered a drastic and lasting transformation of Earth's vertebrate community. (read more)

The Politics of Daylight Saving Time

The debate around whether to fall back and spring forward has been heating up in state legislatures.

U.S. clocks fall back this Sunday to mark the end of daylight saving time(DST)—but lawmakers in many states are increasingly trying to avoid the time change.

In the last year, fourteen state legislatures have debated bills aimed at changing the way we keep time, according to Tufts University professorMichael Downing, author of Spring Forward: The Annual Madness of Daylight Saving Time. He says that’s an unusually high number.

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9 dead, 16 injured after van strikes pedestrians in North York

Nine people are dead and 16 others are injured after a white van struck a number of pedestrians Monday in the Yonge Street and Finch Avenue area of North York in Toronto.

One suspect is in custody. 

Toronto police Deputy Chief Peter Yuen told reporters police have mobilized all available resources and that officers expect to be at the scene for a number of days to come.

"This is going to be a long investigation," Yuen said. There were numerous witnesses and surveillance cameras in the area, he said. 
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New American President elect causes World Panic

In 2016 the American election brings panic and uncertainty to world markets. (read more)

Lisa Pathfinder launches to test space

Europe has launched the Lisa Pathfinder satellite, an exquisite space physics experiment. It will test the technologies needed to detect gravitational waves - the warping of space-time produced by cataclysmic events in the cosmos.

Having such a capability would make it possible to detect the merger of monster black holes - a marker for the growth of galaxies through time.

Lisa Pathfinder went into orbit on a Vega rocket from French Guiana. It lifted away from the Kourou spaceport at 01:04 local time (04:04 GMT). The satellite is being sent in the direction of the Sun, to a point some 1.5 million km from Earth.

The expectation is that the European Space Agency (Esa) mission will operate for about a year.

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Study identifies 6th mass extinction event, lists human activity as primary

After years of warnings from ecologists about the dangers of biodiversity loss, a new study has quantified an ongoing mass extinction event — the sixth in our planet’s history — and suggests humans are largely to blame.

The paper, published June 19 in the journal Science Advances, takes a “conservative” approach to measuring the extent of the situation because previous estimates have been criticized for overestimating the severity of the extinction crisis.

The primary researchers — from institutions such as UC Berkeley, Stanford University and the National Autonomous University of Mexico — compared current extinction rates with a normal baseline rate of two mammal extinctions per 10,000 vertebrate species per 100 years. Based on this measure, about nine vertebrate species should have disappeared from the earth since 1900. But the paper’s “conservative” extinction count stands at 477, which should have taken as many as 10,000 years to occur.

Paul Ehrlich, senior fellow at the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment and co-author of the study, notes that the species extinction rate is the highest it has been in 65 million years.

“We’re essentially doing to the planet what the meteor did that took care of the dinosaurs,” he said of the data’s implications.

Seth Finnegan, an assistant professor in UC Berkeley’s integrative biology department who specializes in mass extinction, said the researchers’ study contrasts with other studies that tend to estimate modern extinction rates indirectly. For example, some measure areas of destroyed habitats and then extrapolate extinction predictions based on how many species are believed to exist in those areas.

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Highway 400 multi-vehicle pileup

A diesel tanker truck exploded just before 11:30 p.m., starting a fire that spread to several other vehicles and sent huge flames and billowing plumes of black smoke into the night sky. Up to 14 vehicles may have been involved in the chain reaction collision, OPP said. Explosions could be heard and seen for kilometres from the site of the crash.

The number of injuries from the fire is unknown. Sgt. Kerry Schmidt of the OPP confirmed at least one fatality at the scene via a Periscope broadcast. Katlin Shaw was driving up the highway with her fiancee when the fire broke out. “It was scary,” she wrote in a Facebook message. “Everyone was pulling onto the side and people were getting out of their cars and checking it out." Shaw and her fiancee were safely evacuated. “It was scary as ever,” she reiterated, “because it was so close and the woods were starting to get on fire as well."

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50 million bison in North America - skulls to be used for fertilizer

In 1884 there were around 325 wild bison left in the United States – including 25 in Yellowstone. Before the Europeans arrived in New World, there were more than 50 million bison in North America. (read more)

Brazilian mine disaster threatens river and sea with toxic mud

Conservationists and engineers battle to reduce the ecological fallout as mud and iron-ore residue from the BHP Billiton-Vale dam collapse flows down the Rio Doce to the Atlantic. 
Seven years ago, Luciana Cunha paid her first visit to the fishing village of Regência, in the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo, to surf the famous waves near the mouth of the Rio Doce.

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Could Solar Energy Be California's Next Cash Crop?

Several years ago, Nick Rajkovich bought 1,200 acres in California's Fresno County, planning to grow almonds for his family's farming business.

The ranch had a steady supply of water at the time. But that changed with the state's latest, relentless drought: Federal water deliveries over the past three years dwindled to zero.

"Now the almonds are dead," Rajkovich says; and with the land bone dry and no relief in sight, "The only thing we can farm is the sun. That's why solar is the obvious choice for us."

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Sticky Stuff: Elusive Glueballs Possibly Found in Atom Smasher

A long-sought subatomic particle called a glueball may have been hiding in plain sight at the world's largest atom smasher. New calculations suggest that a particle spotted at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Geneva, Switzerland, is actually a glueball, a bizarre particle made exclusively of subatomic particles known as gluons. True to their name, gluons carry the strong nuclear force that acts within the nucleus, providing a kind of glue that keeps protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom. (read more)